History, Geography, Homes, and State Resources of Ohio
Since 1803 when Ohio was admitted to the Union, it's geographic central location has proven to be an essential link between the states in the Northeast and the balance of
the southern and western expanses of the country.
With a strong diverse population, a mixed economy based upon both industrial manufacturing and agriculture, with affordable housing and a mixture of urban and rural
populations - Ohio continues to be the true American crossroads
Ohio's biggest employment sector continues to be transportation and trade followed by education and health care, federal employment, hi-tech and professional services,
Ohio is typically ranked in the lists of top 10 for the best business climates and largest economies and of all 50 states, with practically 60 major corporations
calling the the state home including Abercrombie & Fitch in New Albany, Goodyear in Akron, Procter & Gamble in Cincinnati, AK Steel in West Chester Township, and Wendy's
First explored for France by Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, in 1669, the Ohio region became British property after the French and Indian Wars. Ohio was acquired by
the U.S. after the Revolutionary War in 1783. In 1788, the first permanent settlement was established at Marietta, capital of the Northwest Territory.
The 1790s saw severe fighting with the Indians in Ohio; a major battle was won by Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers in 1794. In the War of 1812, Commodore Oliver
H. Perry defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie on Sept. 10, 1813
Ohio University, the first university in the Northwest Territory, was also the first public institution in Ohio. Substantially, the system in Ohio is similar to that in other
states. At the state level, the Ohio Department of Education, overseen by the Ohio State Board of Education, is responsible for the administration of primary and secondary
schools. At the municipal level, there are around 700 school districts nationwide. The Ohio Board of Regents coordinates and assists with Ohio's higher education institutions,
which were recently reorganized into the University System of Ohio under Governor Strickland. The system has an average annual enrollment of over 400,000 students, making it
one of the top five state university systems in the United States.
Ohio is home to major professional sports teams in baseball, basketball, football, hockey, lacrosse and soccer. The state's major professional sporting teams include:
Cincinnati Reds (Major League Baseball), Ohio Machine (Major League Lacrosse), Cleveland Indians (Major League Baseball), Cincinnati Bengals (National Football League),
Cleveland Browns (National Football League), Cleveland Cavaliers (National Basketball Association), Columbus Blue Jackets (National Hockey League), and the Columbus Crew
(Major League Soccer).
Ohio played a central role in the development of both Major League Baseball and the National Football League. Baseball's first fully professional team, the Cincinnati Red
Stockings of 1869, were organized in Ohio. An informal early 20th century American football association, the Ohio League, was the direct predecessor of the NFL, although
neither of Ohio's modern NFL franchises trace their roots to an Ohio League club. The Pro Football Hall of Fame is located in Canton.
On a smaller scale, Ohio hosts minor league baseball, arena football, indoor football, mid-level hockey, and lower division soccer.
There are 175 public airports in Ohio. Ohio airports are well equipped to handle the heavy traffic that flows into the state every year. Ohio airports are customer friendly
and their services are tailored to this purpose. Ohio's international airports include Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport in Cleveland, Port Columbus International
Airport in Columbus, and the James M. Cox International Airport in Dayton. There are also international general aviation airports in Ohio. These are Akron Fulton
International Airport in Akron and Rickenbacker International Airport in Columbus.
The Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport serves nearly 12 million passengers every year. The airport has many shops and restaurants, ATMs, a chapel, currency exchange,
business and convention centers, lounges. The airport also offers special assistance for people with disabilities. It has TTY phones, wheelchair assistance, wheelchair
accessible toilets, handicapped accessible lifts and parking for people with disabilities. There are friendly airport ambassadors who help people when needed. The airlines
operating at this airport include US Airways, Delta Airlines, American Airlines, American West Airlines, Midwest Airlines, Air Canada, Continental Airlines, USA 3000,
Southwest Airlines, Continental Express and Northwest Airlines.