Background: Las Vegas Strip

Living in Nevada

Home Means Nevada

History, Geography, Homes, and State Resources of Nevada

Nevada USA Map
Nevada USA Map

Nevada’s history had a wild boom-bust ride beginning with Comstock Lode which built Virginia City just as 'The Silver State' nickname implies and continuing on to legalized gambling which created Las Vegas. The thought of finding a big strike made Nevada one of the nation’s fastest growing states, however the recent economic downturn has also left the unemployment rate much higher than the U.S. national average. Although today's Nevada has many things to offer: from Fire Valley to Lake Tahoe to from Vegas to Reno and from gambling to agriculture residents of the Silver State still love the excitement and don’t back away from any challenges.

Trappers and traders, including Jedediah Smith and Peter Skene Ogden, entered the Nevada area in the 1820s. In 1843–1845, John C. Frémont and Kit Carson explored the Great Basin and Sierra Nevada. The U.S. obtained the region in 1848 following the Mexican War, and the first permanent settlement was a Mormon trading post near present-day Genoa.

The driest state in the nation, with an average annual rainfall of only about 7 in., much of Nevada is uninhabited, sagebrush-covered desert. The wettest part of the state receives about 40 in. of precipitation per year, while the driest spot has less than 4 in. per year.Nevada was made famous by the discovery of the Comstock Lode, the richest known U.S. silver deposit, in 1859, and its mines have produced large quantities of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, mercury, barite, and tungsten. Oil was discovered in 1954. Gold now far exceeds all other minerals in value of production.

In 1931, the state created two industries, divorce and gambling. For many years, Reno and Las Vegas were the “divorce capitals of the nation.” More liberal divorce laws in many states have ended this distinction, but Nevada is still the gambling capital of the U.S. and a leading entertainment center. State gambling taxes account for 34.1% of general fund tax revenues. Although Nevada leads the nation in per capita gambling revenue, it ranks only tenth in total gambling revenue.

Nevada Counties

There are sixteen counties and one independent city in Nevada. On November 25, 1861, the first Nevada Territorial Legislature established nine counties. Nevada was admitted to the Union on October 31, 1864 with eleven counties. In 1969, Ormsby County and Carson City were consolidated into a single municipal government known as Carson City

Click on a county to go to the official county website

Climate

Nevada is the driest state in the U.S. The state is mostly desert and semi-arid climate regions, and, with the exception of the Las Vegas Valley, the average summer temperature range approaches 80 °F  in much of the state. ... Most parts of Nevada receive very little raimfall during the year.

Demography

  • Nevada Facts & Trivia
  • Nevada Geography, Facts and History
  • Nevada Flags
  • Famous People from Nevada
  • Nevada Timeline
  • Nevada Flags
  • Nevada State Song
  • Education

    Nevada Colleges. The Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE) (formerly the University and Community College System of Nevada, or "UCCSN") was founded in 1968 to oversee all state-sponsored colleges in the State of Nevada. The name was changed in 2005. Two doctorate research universities, a state university, four community colleges and a research institute form the system. About 105,000 students attend the colleges. The Nevada University Board of Regents has decided to drop the Community name as of July 1, 2007 from both the Community College of Southern Nevada and the Western Nevada Community College

    Economy

    Nevada's service industries, concentrated in the Las Vegas and Reno metropolitan areas, are very important to the Nevada economy. Tourism is the primary reason for this. Nevada's community, business and personal service industry accounts for about 1/3 of the state's total gross product.

    Nevada State Flower - Sagebrush
    Nevada State Flower - Sagebrush

    Nevada State Tree -Single-leaf Pinyon
    Nevada State Tree -Single-leaf Pinyon

    Flora and Fauna

    Various species of pine—among them the single-leaf pinon, the state tree—dominate Nevada's woodlands. Creosote bush is common in southern Nevada, as are many kinds of sagebrush throughout the state. Wildflowers include shooting star and white and yellow violets. Eight plant species were listed as threatened or endangered in 2003. Endangered species that year were Amargosa niterwort and steamboat buckwheat.

    Native mammals include the black bear, white-tailed and mule deer, pronghorn antelope, Rocky Mountain elk, cottontail rabbit, and river otter. Grouse, partridge, pheasant, and quail are the leading game birds, and a diversity of trout, char, salmon, and whitefish thrive in Nevada waters. Rare and protected reptiles are the Gila monster and desert tortoise. The US Fish and Wildlife Service listed 30 Nevada animal species as threatened or endangered in 2003, including the desert tortoise, six species of dace, three species of pupfish, woundfin, and three species of chub.

  • Nevada State Bird (Artic Bluebird)
  • Nevada Official State Flower (Sagebrush)
  • Nevada Official State Tree (Single-leaf Pinyon)
  • Government

    Nevada State Capitol
    Nevada State Capitol
    The Nevada State Capitol is the capitol building of Nevada. It is in the state capitol of Carson City at 101 North Carson Street. The building was constructed in the Neoclassical Italianate style between 1869 and 1871. It is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It is also Nevada Historical Marker number 25. For over 50 years, all three parts of the state government were housed in the Capitol. The Supreme Court met here until 1937, when it relocated into an adjacent building, and the Nevada Legislature met here until 1971, when it relocated to its new Legislative Building just south of the Capitol. Every Nevada governor except the first has had his office in the capitol. Today, the Capitol continues to serve the Governor, and features historical exhibits on the second floor.

    Executive officials elected statewide include the governor and lieutenant governor (who run separately), secretary of state, attorney general, treasurer, and comptroller, all of whom serve for four years. The governor is limited to a maximum of two consecutive terms. Candidates for governor must be at least 25 years old and must have been a citizen and resident of the state for at least two years prior to election.

    Voters must be US citizens, at least 18 years old, continuous state residents, and county residents for at least 30 days and precinct residents for at least 10 days prior to election day. Restrictions apply to convicted felons and those declared mentally incompetent by the court.

  • Nevada Official State Website
  • History

  • Nevada Geography, History, Facts
  • Nevada Famous People
  • Nevada Timeline
  • Attractions

    The amazing landscapes of Nevada are often overshadowed by the glitter and glitz of its biggest city, Las Vegas. While this is a city you won't want to miss, Nevada is a state of incredible natural diversity, with plenty of great places to visit, scenic drives, and wonderful opportunities for outdoor activities. National parks and recreation areas provide outstanding terrain for hiking, biking, climbing, horseback riding, and fishing. You can even find ski hills in the high mountains. Be sure to venture beyond the cities and towns and get lost in Nevada's stunning natural areas to enjoy all the state has to offer.
  • Nevada Tourism Website
  • Amusement Parks

    Adventuredome, Las Vegas
      Adventuredome (formerly Grand Slam Canyon) is a 5-acre indoor amusement park located at Circus Circus in Las Vegas, on the Las Vegas Strip. The park is connected to the hotel inside a large glass dome, and offers 25 rides and attractions including the Canyon Blaster roller coaster, rock climbing wall, 18-hole miniature golf course, a video game arcade, clown shows, Xtreme Zone, Pikes Pass, Virtual Reality Zone, Midway Games, and carnival-type games. Because the park is enclosed, it is not affected by cold, rainy, or windy weather, unlike most theme parks, and is open year-round. Every October from 2003 until 2017, the Adventuredome was changed to Fright Dome as a Halloween-themed theme park.
    Akita Plaza, Las Vegas - Closed
    Buffalo Bill's, Primm
      The hotel is home to the Desperado roller coaster, one of the tallest (225 foot drop) and fastest (80 mph) roller coasters in the world, as well as a pool in the shape of a buffalo. The hotel-casino has two hotel room towers: the Annie Oakley Tower (the A Tower) and the Buffalo Bill Tower (B Tower). The 61,372 sq foot casino has over 1,700 slot machines, as well as table games, and a race and sports book. Buffalo Bill's is also home of the Star of the Desert Arena, a 6,500-seat arena designed for concerts.
    Las Vegas Mini Gran Prix, Las Vegas
    Playland Park, Reno - Closed
    New York-New York Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas
      The Roller Coaster, formerly "Manhattan Express", at New York-New York travels through the property's interior and exterior, and replaced the trains to resemble a traditional Checker Cab; the coaster is 203 foot high, has a maximum drop of 144 feet, and reaches speeds up to 67 mph. The ride has undergone a variety of enhancements including the introduction of a magnetic braking system and new trains.
    Stratosphere Las Vegas, Las Vegas
    The top of the tower has two observation decks, a restaurant known as "Top of the World" (revolving restaurant), and four thrill rides:
    • Big Shot at 1,081 feet was the highest thrill ride in the world until the Sky Drop opened on the Canton Tower at 1,591 feet.
    • Insanity, opened in 2005, at 900 feet is the third highest thrill ride in the world; it dangles riders over the edge of the tower and then spins in a circular pattern at approximately 40 miles per hour In a 2005 incident, riders were left dangling several hundred feet above the Las Vegas Strip for nearly an hour and a half when Insanity shut down; it was programmed to cease operation if a fault or problem is detected by the ride's control system.
    • SkyJump Las Vegas, a controlled-descent, Bungee-jumping-like ride that will allow riders to plummet 855 feet  attached to a high-speed descent wire. SkyJump opened on April 20, 2010.
    • X-Scream at 866 feet is the fourth highest thrill ride in the world.
    Wild Island, Sparks
      Wild Island includes 10 different water slide attractions scattered over four slide towers. All of the park's slide towers are located on the perimeter of the park with no more than three slides per tower. Each tower has its own theme. All slides are accessible by stairs and each attraction includes its proper riding instrument.

    National Parks

    Old Spanish National Historic Trail Old Spanish National Historic Trail
    California National Historic Trail, Various States CA,CO,ID,KS,MO,NE,NV,OR,UT,WY
      Follow in the footsteps of over 250,000 emigrants who traveled to the gold fields and rich farmlands of California during the 1840s and 1850s: the greatest mass migration in American history. The California National Historic Trail is over 5,000 miles long and covers portions of 10 states. Step into history along more than 1,000 miles of ruts and traces from travelers and their overland wagons.
    Death Valley National Park, CA,NV
      n this below-sea-level basin, steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Yet, each extreme has a striking contrast. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
    Great Basin National Park, Baker, NV
      From the 13,000-foot summit of Wheeler Peak, to the sage-covered foothills, Great Basin National Park is a place to sample the stunning diversity of the larger Great Basin region. Come and partake of the solitude of the wilderness, walk among ancient bristlecone pines, bask in the darkest of night skies, and explore mysterious subterranean passages. There's a whole lot more than just desert here!
    Lake Mead National Recreation Area, the Mojave Desert, AZ,NV
      Boat, hike, cycle, camp and fish at America’s most diverse national recreation area. With striking landscapes and brilliant blue waters, this year-round playground spreads across 1.5 million acres of mountains, canyons, valleys and two vast lakes. See the Hoover Dam from the waters of Lake Mead or Lake Mohave, or find solitude in one of the park's nine wilderness areas.
    Old Spanish National Historic Trail, AZ,CA,CO,NV,NM,UT
      Follow the routes of mule pack trains across the Southwest on the Old Spanish National Historic Trail between Santa Fe, New Mexico, and Los Angeles, California. New Mexican traders moved locally produced merchandise across what are now six states to exchange for mules and horses.
    Pony Express National Historic Trail, Various States CA,CO,KS,MO,NE,NV,UT,WY
      It is hard to believe that young men once rode horses to carry mail from Missouri to California in the unprecedented time of only 10 days. This relay system along the Pony Express National Historic Trail in eight states was the most direct and practical means of east-west communications before the telegraph.
    Tule Springs Fossil Beds National MonumentNV
      Mammoths, lions and camels once roamed along wetlands just north of what is now known as Las Vegas, Nevada. Their history is preserved at Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument and is ready to be discovered.

    Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest
    Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest

    National Forests

    Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest - 6,290,945 acres
      As the largest National Forest outside of Alaska, Humboldt-Toiyabe occupies many of the mountains of Nevada's Basin and Range Province. Spring Mountains National Recreation Area is located near Las Vegas and is part of the forest.

    Sports

    Team Sports

    Nevada is not well known for its professional sports teams, mainly because major league sports in the past feared having direct involvement with the sports gambling industry. However, this situation lessened after they embraced daily fantasy sports (DFS) in 2014. The Las Vegas Valley is home to the Vegas Golden Knights of the National Hockey League who began play in the 2017-18 NHL season at T-Mobile Arena on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. The Golden Knights are the only major North American professional sports franchise in Nevada. Nevada Team Sports

    Hunting, Fishing, Boating

    Hunting, Fishing, Boating

    Taxes

    The Nevada state sales tax is 6.85%. Counties can also assess optionional taxes, making the combined state and county sales taxes rate in some areas as much as 8.1%.

    Tax Facts

    • Income tax: none
    • Sales tax: 6.85% - 8.265%
    • Property tax: 0.77% average effective rate
    • Gas tax: 33.78 cents per gallon of regular gasoline, 28.56 cents per gallon of diesel

    Transportation

    Aviation

    Nevada Airports.
    cCarran International Airport
    McCarran International Airport Photo by Las Vegas Review-Journal
    There are 54 airports in Nevada that the public can use. People come to the "Silver State" from all over the globe and the airports in Nevada are well equipped to meet the growing demands of tourism in the state. The airports in Nevada are well connected to the other states in USA.

    The international airports in Nevada are the McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas and the Reno/ Tahoe International Airport in Reno.

    The McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas is a busy airport with almost 45 million travelers using the airport annually. The airport has many amenities to ensure a smooth travel for its customers. The airport has many restaurants, pay phones, assistance for the disabled including free wheel chair service provided by the airport, banking facilities and many news and gift shops. The airport has good parking facilities too.

    Other important airports in Nevada are at Gerlach, Black Rock City Airport; Carson City, Carson Airport; Tonopah, Tonopah Airport; Lovelock, Derby Field

    Rail

    The Amtrak California Zephyr train uses the Union Pacific's original transcontinental railroad line in daily service from Chicago to Emeryville, California, serving Elko, Winnemucca, and Reno. Las Vegas has had no passenger train service since Amtrak's Desert Wind was discontinued in 1997. Amtrak Thruway Motorcoaches provide connecting service from Las Vegas to trains at Needles, California, Los Angeles, and Bakersfield, California; and from Stateline, Nevada, to Sacramento, California.

    The Union Pacific Railroad has some railroads in the north and south of Nevada. Greyhound Lines provide some bus service to the state.

    A four mile monorail system provides public transportation in the Las Vegas area. The Las Vegas Monorail line services several casino properties and the Las Vegas Convention Center on the east side of the Las Vegas Strip, running near Paradise Road, with a possible future extension to McCarran International Airport. Several hotels also run their own monorail lines between each other, which are typically several blocks in length.

    Roads

    Interstate 15 passes through the southern tip of the state, serving Las Vegas and other communities. I-215 and spur route I-515 also serve the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Interstate 80 crosses through the northern part of Nevada, roughly following the path of the Humboldt River from Utah in the east and the Truckee River westward through Reno into California. Nevada also is served by several U.S. highways: US 6, US 50, US 93, US 95 and US 395. There are also 189 Nevada state routes. Many of Nevada's counties have a system of county routes as well, though many are not signed or paved in rural areas. Nevada is one of a few states in the U.S. that does not have a continuous interstate highway linking its two major population centers—the road connection between the Las Vegas and Reno areas is a combination of Interstate and U.S. highways.

    Nevada Housing

    The median home value in Nevada is $284,300. Nevada home values have gone up 13.9% over the past year and  predictions are they will rise 14.4% within the next year. The median list price per square foot in Nevada is $175. The median price of homes currently listed in Nevada is $319,990 while the median price of homes that sold is $273,800. The median rent price in Nevada is $1,495.
    Nevada Association of Realtors
    Nevada Real Estate Division
    Nevada Real Estate Listings

    Nevada Cities & Towns

    Nevada is divided into 17 counties and contains 19 incorporated municipalities. The state's incorporated municipalities cover only 1% of the state's land area but are home to 56.7% of its population. Incorporated places in the state are legally described as cities, except for the state capital Carson City, which has no legal description but is considered an independent city as it is not situated in any county The largest municipality by population in the state is Las Vegas with 583,756 residents, while the smallest is Caliente with 1,130 residents. The largest municipality by land mas is Boulder City, which spans 208.52 square miles, while Lovelock is the smallest with 0.85 square miles. The first city in Nevada to incorporate was Carson City, on March 1, 1875,
  • Nevada Cities and Towns
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