History, Geography, Homes, and State Resources of Indiana
The Hoosier State developed with a rich mixture of sports, business, industry, education along with truly American landscapes. From the historic Madison, IN main street,
with its flawlessly maintained storefronts from the turn-of-the-century, to the latest in technology at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, here is a state with a well
preserved history while it has reinvented itself to continue earning its "Crossroads of America". nickname
There are numerous blooming shrubs, trees and weeds in this Hoosier State, therefore if you have allergies or hay fever, be sure to check out the pollen count along with
taking appropriate measures to safeguard your health.
First explored for France by Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, in 1679–1680, the region figured importantly in the Franco-British struggle for North America that
culminated with British victory in 1763. George Rogers Clark led American forces against the British in the area during the Revolutionary War and, prior to becoming a
state, Indiana was the scene of frequent Indian uprisings until the victories of Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers in 1794 and Gen. William Henry Harrison at
Tippecanoe in 1811.
During the 19th century, Indiana was the site of several experimental communities, including those established by George Rapp and Robert Owen at New Harmony.
The largest educational institution on the state is the Indiana University, whose flagship campus was confirmed in 1820 as Indiana Seminary. Indiana State University was founded in 1865 as
a state standard school. Purdue University was chartered in 1869 as a Land-Grant College. The three other independent state universities are Vincennes University (founded in
1801 by the Indiana Territory), Ball State University (1918) and the University of Southern Indiana (1965 as ISU - Evansville).
In the US News and World Report, in 2013, the state ranked several universities among the best in the 2013 ranking. The University of Notre Dame is among the top 20, with
Indiana University Bloomington and Purdue University among the Top 100.
As of 2013 Indiana has produced more National Basketball Association (NBA) players per capita than any other state. Muncie has produced the most per capita of any
American city, with two other Indiana cities in the top ten. It has a rich basketball heritage that reaches back to the formative years of the sport itself. The
Indiana Pacers of the NBA play their home games at Bankers Life Fieldhouse; they began play in 1967 in the American Basketball Association (ABA) and joined the NBA when
the leagues merged in 1976. Although James Naismith developed basketball in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1891, Indiana is where high school basketball was born. In 1925,
Naismith visited an Indiana basketball state finals game along with 15,000 screaming fans and later wrote "Basketball really had its origin in Indiana, which remains the
center of the sport." The 1986 film Hoosiers is inspired by the story of the 1954 Indiana state champions Milan High School. Professional basketball player Larry Bird was
born in West Baden Springs and was raised in French Lick. He went on to lead the Boston Celtics to the NBA championship in 1981, 1984, and 1986.
Indianapolis is home to the Indianapolis Colts. The Colts are members of the South Division of the American Football Conference. The Colts have roots back to 1913 as the
Dayton Triangles. They became an official team after moving to Baltimore, MD, in 1953. In 1984, the Colts relocated to Indianapolis, leading to an eventual rivalry with
the Baltimore Ravens. After calling the RCA Dome home for 25 years, the Colts currently play their home games at Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis. While in Baltimore,
the Colts won the 1970 Super Bowl. In Indianapolis, the Colts won Super Bowl XLI, bringing the franchise total to two. In recent years the Colts have regularly competed
in the NFL playoffs.
There are 114 public airports in Indiana. Indiana airports have technologically advanced systems and helpful staff.
Indiana International Airport is Terre Haute International Airport, Fort Wayne International Airport, Gary / Chicago International Airport and Indianapolis International Airport.
Indianapolis International Airport receives more than 8.5 million passengers each year. The airport has 18 airlines flying from its premises. Some of the major airlines flying from this airport are America West Airlines, Air Tran, Air Canada, Continental Airlines, Frontier Airlines and United Airlines.