History, Geography, Homes, and State Resources of Arkansas
A wide variety of unique cities and communities call Arkansas home, every one
has something distinctive for people visiting to discover. There's a wide
assortment of things for people of every age to do, both adventure sports for
outdoors and in the retirement communities alike.
The towns and the people in them have been forged by a lengthy agriculture tradition -- a smidgen of the leftover "Old South" continues to be very much alive here. On the western edge of the state, there's Fort Smith, once the nation's frontier military outpost. Today visitors can get acquainted with its history of "Wild West".
The largest retailer in the world, Wal-Mart, has it's headquarters in Bentonville. It and nearby Springdale, Rogers, and Fayetteville are part of the fastest-growing metropolitan regions in the U.S.. Hot Springs, situated within the Ouachita Mountains and Eureka Springs, located in the Ozarks, are a pair of "spa" cities which have been attracting vacationers searching for healing and relaxation for a long time. Enough you to give some thought about relocating to Arkansas; luckily, Arkansas relocation and retirement opportunities run a vast range of choices. Those thinking of retiring in Arkansas will uncover every community from small towns to larger cities to from metropolitan settings to agricultural areas, from action-packed night clubs in Fayetteville to invigorating Hot Springs spas, Arkansas has something for everyone.
Spaniard Hernando de Soto was among the early European explorers to visit the territory in the mid-16th century, but it was a Frenchman, Henri de Tonti, who in 1686
founded the first permanent white settlement—the Arkansas Post. In 1803 the area was acquired by the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Part of the Territory of
Missouri from 1812, the area became a separate entity in 1819 after the first large wave of settlers arrived. The next several decades were marked by the development of
the cotton industry and the spread of the Southern plantation system west into Arkansas. Arkansas joined the Confederacy in 1861, but from 1863 the northern part of the
state was occupied by Union troops.
Arkansas features a network of public universities and colleges, including two major university systems: Arkansas State University System and University of Arkansas
System. The University of Arkansas, flagship campus of the University of Arkansas System in Fayetteville was ranked #63 among public schools in the nation by U.S. News &
World Report. Other public institutions include University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Arkansas Tech University, Henderson State University, Southern Arkansas University,
and University of Central Arkansas across the state. It is also home to 11 private colleges and universities including Hendrix College, one of the nation's top 100 liberal
arts colleges, according to U.S. News & World Report
Sports have become an integral part of the culture of Arkansas, and her residents enjoy participating in and spectating various events throughout the year.
Team sports and especially collegiate football have been important to Arkansans. College football in Arkansas began from humble beginnings. The University of Arkansas
first fielded a team in 1894 when football was a very dangerous game. Recent studies of the damage to team members from the concussions common in football make it clear
that the danger persists.
"Calling the Hogs" is a cheer that shows support for the Razorbacks, one of the two NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) teams in the state. High school
football also began to grow in Arkansas in the early 20th century. Over the years, many Arkansans have looked to the Razorbacks football team as the public image of the
state. Following the Little Rock Nine integration crisis at Little Rock Central High School, Arkansans looked to the successful Razorback teams in the following years to
repair the state's reputation. Although the University of Arkansas is based in Fayetteville, the Razorbacks have always played at least one game per season at War
Memorial Stadium in Little Rock in an effort to keep fan support in central and south Arkansas.
Transportation in Arkansas is overseen by the Arkansas Department of Transportation (ArDOT), headquartered in Little Rock. Several main corridors pass through Little Rock,
including Interstate 30 (I-30) and I-40 (the nation's 3rd-busiest trucking corridor). In northeast Arkansas, I-55 travels north from Memphis to Missouri, with a new spur
to Jonesboro (I-555). Northwest Arkansas is served by I-540 from Fort Smith to Bella Vista, which is a segment of future I-49. The state also has the 13th largest state
highway system in the nation.
Arkansas is served by 2,750 miles (4,430 km) of railroad track divided among twenty-six railroad companies including three Class I railroads. Freight railroads are
concentrated in southeast Arkansas to serve the industries in the region. The Texas Eagle, an Amtrak passenger train, serves five stations in the state Walnut Ridge, Little
Rock, Malvern, Arkadelphia, and Texarkana.
Arkansas also benefits from the use of its rivers for commerce. The Mississippi River and Arkansas River are both major rivers. The United States Army Corps of Engineers
maintains the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System, allowing barge traffic up the Arkansas River to the Port of Catoosa in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
There are four airports with commercial service: Clinton National Airport, Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport, Fort Smith Regional Airport, and Texarkana Regional Airport,
with dozens of smaller airports in the state. Click here for Arkansas Airports
Public transit and community transport services for the elderly or those with developmental disabilities are provided by agencies such as the Central Arkansas Transit Authority and the Ozark Regional Transit, organizations that are part of the Arkansas Transit Association.
There are numerous unique communities and urban areas in Arkansas, each with something special for guests to find. The general population and towns in the Delta have been
formed by a long convention of farming - a touch of the "Old South" is as yet alive there. On the state's western edge, Fort Smith was at one time a military station on
the country's wilderness. Today, its guests can investigate its "Wild West" history alongside a wonderfully reestablished architecturally significant area. The world's
biggest retailer, Wal-Mart, is headquartered in Bentonville. That city and close-by Rogers, Springdale and Fayetteville make up one of America's quickest developing
metropolitan zones. Aha Springs, in the Ozark Mountains, and Hot Springs, in the Ouachita Mountains, are two "spa" urban communities in Arkansas that have long attracted
vacationers pursuit of mending and unwinding.