History, Geography, Homes, and State Resources of Arizona
Are you considering moving to the beautiful Grand Canyon State of Arizona? If so, this will provide you with information regarding your personal, business and
local tax requirements; but first here is a list of quick links that will direct you to State agencies that can provide you with more information about Arizona:
For complete details, refer to the Arizona Revised Statutes and the Arizona Administrative Code. In case of inconsistency or omission in this document, the
language of the Arizona Revised Statute and the Arizona Administrative Code will prevail.
Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan friar, was the first European to explore Arizona. He entered the area in 1539 in search of the mythical Seven Cities of Gold.
Although he was followed a year later by another gold seeker, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, most of the early settlement was for missionary purposes. In 1775 the
Spanish established Fort Tucson. In 1848, after the Mexican War, most of the Arizona territory became part of the U.S., and the southern portion of the territory was
added by the Gadsden Purchase in 1853.
Arizona history is rich in legends of America's Old West. It was here that the great Indian chiefs Geronimo and Cochise led their people against the frontiersmen.
Tombstone, Ariz., was the site of the West's most famous shoot-out—the gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Today, Arizona has one of the largest U.S. Indian populations; more
than 14 tribes are represented on 20 reservations.
There are 15 counties in Arizona. Four counties (Mohave, Pima, Yavapai and Yuma) were made in 1864 after the
creation of the Arizona Territory in 1862. The now longer Pah-Ute
County was part from Mohave County in 1865, yet converged in 1871. Everything except La Paz County were
created when Arizona was allowed statehood in 1912.
Eight of Arizona's fifteen counties are named after various Native American
indians that are inhabitant in parts of what is presently Arizona, with another (Cochise County)
being named after a local pioneer. Four different counties, Gila County, Santa Cruz County, Pinal County, and Graham County, are named for physical highlights of Arizona's
scenoc views: the Gila Waterway, the Santa Cruz River, Pinal Peak, and Mount Graham, separately. Another
county, La Paz County, is named after a previous settler, while the last
region, Greenlee Province, is named after one of the state's initial pioneers
Arizona is served by three public universities: The University of Arizona, Arizona State University, and Northern Arizona University. These schools are governed by the
Arizona Board of Regents.
Private higher education in Arizona is dominated by a large number of for-profit and "chain" (multi-site) universities.
Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Prescott and Prescott College are Arizona's only non-profit four-year private colleges.
Arizona has a wide network of two-year vocational schools and community colleges. These colleges were governed historically by a separate statewide Board of Directors but,
in 2002, the state legislature transferred almost all oversight authority to individual community college districts. The Maricopa County Community College District
includes 11 community colleges throughout Maricopa County and is one of the largest in the nation.
Arizona has four Major League sports teams, all within the Phoenix metropolitan area, plus a professional WNBA team.
National Football League
The Arizona Cardinals are a professional football team based in Phoenix. They were founded in 1898 in Chicago, Illinois. They currently play at the University of Phoenix
Stadium. They have never won a Super Bowl, but have had their stadium host a couple of them, including Super Bowl XLIX in 2015. They play in the National Football
Conference's West Division.
Major League Baseball
The Arizona Diamondbacks are a professional baseball team based in Phoenix, Arizona. They play their home games at Chase Field. They were founded in 1998 as an expansion
team in the National League's West Division of the MLB. They became the fastest expansion team to win a World Series title (four seasons) when they beat three-time
defending champ the New York Yankees in 2001
National Basketball Association
The Phoenix Suns play in the NBA's Pacific Division and are the only team not from California in that division. They are also the only men's professional sports team
left that do not brand themselves as an Arizona team, only from the city of Phoenix. They were founded in 1968 and play their home games in Talking Stick Resort Arena.
They have appeared in two NBA Finals, and lost both
National Hockey League
The Arizona Coyotes are a professional hockey league team based in Glendale. They play their home games at Gila River Arena. They have never played in a Stanley Cup
Final. They moved to Arizona in 1996 from Winnipeg, Manitoba. They play in the Western Conference's Pacific Division.
Women's National Basketball Association
The Phoenix Mercury are a professional women's basketball team based in Phoenix. They play their home games at Talking Stick Resort Arena. They were founded in 1997 as one of the league's inaugural teams. They play in the Pacific Division of the WNBA. They have won three WNBA titles.
With three state universities and one private university in NCAA Division I, and several community colleges, college sports are also prevalent in Arizona. The intense
rivalry between Arizona State University and the University of Arizona predates Arizona's statehood, and is one of the oldest rivalries in the NCAA. The thus aptly
named Territorial Cup, first awarded in 1889 and certified as the oldest trophy in college football, is awarded to the winner of the "Duel in the Desert", the annual
football game between the two schools. Both UA and ASU are members of the Pac-12 Conference, one of the so-called Power Five conferences in Division I FBS, the top tier
of U.S. college football.
Arizona airports are dedicated to providing excellent customer service through their helpful service. The AzAA (Arizona Airports Association) was formed to bring together representatives of Arizona airports.
Arizona is the sixth largest state in the US and is a fast-growing state. As a result, it attracts many people from all over the world. It is therefore not surprising that airports in Arizona receive a large number of national and international visitors.
The Arizona International Airports are the Laughlin Bullhead International Airport, the Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, the Tucson International Airport, the Yuma International Airport, the Bisbee Douglas International Airport and the Nogales International Airport. Other major airports are Duncan, Grand Canyon Village, Marble Canyon, Page and Kayenta and Sierra Vista.
The Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport is a busy airport with the capital of the state of Arizona and a daily traffic of nearly 110,000 people. The airport operates 23 airlines daily.
Tucson International Airport receives around four million visitors annually. The airlines that fly passengers from this airport include Aerolitoral, US Airways, Alaska Airlines, Continental, United / Lufthansa Airlines, AA, Delta / SkyWest, Frontier, Northwest / KLM and Southwest Airlines.
Arizona airports are built to world-class standards and try to provide customers with the best service in the industry.
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Arizona Real Estate Listings
Cities & Towns
As of 2010 There were 91 incorporated cities and towns in the state of Arizona. Incorporated places in Arizona are those that have been granted home rule, possessing a
local government in the form of a city or town council. The 2010 census put 5,021,810 of the state's 6,392,017 residents within these cities and towns, accounting for
78.56% of the population. Most of the population is concentrated within the Phoenix metropolitan area, with an 2010 census population of 4,192,887 (65.60% of the state