Photo: Alabama Mountainbrook Old Mill

Living in Alabama

Alabama - Share The Wonder

History, Geography, Homes, and Alabama State Resources

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Alabama - USA Map
Alabama - USA Map

You'll be charmingly overwhelmed at Alabama with its shining coastline, stunning mountains, and superb waterways. The Heart of Dixie is the moniker for Alabama. There's a genuine southern environment alongside down home neighborliness in Alabama. it radiates southern in pretty much every feature. In the event that you are not from Alabama, and you intend to move there, prepare for a charming treat! Alabama has some of everything, including a shining coastline, amazing mountains, and grand waterways. With such a changed landscape, you could have some trouble choosing which part you like the best.

In the northeastern part of Alabama there is an entryway to the Great Smokey Mountains. In the event that you cherish mountain territories, you could appreciate living there. Huntsville is arranged in a ravishing valley, which is circled by wonderful mountains. It's likewise a city stacked with tech based organizations. Additionally it's home to the prestigious overall NASA Space and Rocket Center, in addition to home to Space Camp. The city of Scottsboro is close to the Northeast corner of Alabama and outskirts with Tennessee and Georgia. Scottsboro is littler than Huntsville, anyway it's a portal to the Great Smokey Mountains in addition to it's an excellent city.

In the event that you lean toward a more cosmopolitan zone comprising of smaller towns, make a beeline for the Shoals area, in northwestern Alabama, which could be ideal for you. Comprised of four towns, which incorporate Muscle Shoals, Florence, Tuscumbia and Sheffield the Shoals includes the best everything being equal. It is around a hour's drive from the greater city of Huntsville in addition to around two hours from Nashville, Tennessee in the north or Birmingham, situated toward the south. Florence is the larger of these four urban communities, while it's fringe is on the banks of magnificent Tennessee River. The three different towns are smaller, more curious towns, while every ha an unmistakable inclination all their own.

Birmingham is closer to the center of the state, in addition to it's the largest Alabama city. Birmingham gives an extensive variety of exercises to please pretty much everybody. There's elite athletics, fine shopping and social occasions. Birmingham has various business openings, various universities, and great, peripheral networks for individuals who couldn't care less to live inside the focal city.

If you prefer living close to the coast, at that point Montgomery may intrigue you. It's the second biggest city in the state, and furthermore it's the state capital. There's a rich history which is obvious in various excellent, old government structures. Numerous inhabitants appreciate being near Montgomery with it's huge city environment in addition to it's close separation to the shorelines.

The more south you go, the landscape level os more becoming. The mountain ranges are a long ways behind up in the northern part of the state, be that as it may on the off chance that you cherish being close to the sea, there's a decent trade. On the off chance that there's any Alabama city that is thought to be the core of the South, at that point it's Mobile. The Mardis Gras is honored each year here, and this city situated by the cove flaunts it's old town energy and southern accents.

Moving a little further South down the drift to Gulf Shores, which is a tourism Mecca. Inlet shores gives shoreline goers immaculate shorelines with white sand. Near to Dauphin Island is an organic, instructive ocean lab. Inlet Shores permits the two guests and occupants a chance to completely appreciate the sand and sun while never leaving the state. In this way, regardless of what part of Alabama you have an enthusiasm for, there's something that will most likely to please. From its ground-breaking streams, superb mountains, and excellent coastline, Alabama procures its namesake as Alabama the Beautiful.

Alabama Cities & Towns

Birmingham Skyline
Birmingham Skyline
Information obtained from the 2010 United States Census, Alabama is the 23rd most populous state with 4,779,745 inhabitants and the 28th largest by land area spanning 50,645.33 square miles of land. Alabama contains 67 counties with 460 incorporated municipalities made up of 169 cities and 291 towns. These cities and towns only cover 9.6% of the state's land mass but provide homes to 60.4% of its population.

Birmingham is the largest municipality by population containing 212,237 residents while McMullen is the smallest by population with  only 10 people. The largest municipality by land area is Huntsville, which spans 209.05 square miles, while the smallest is McMullen at 0.11 square miles Alabama Cities and Towns.

Climate

The state is humid subtropical (Cfa) under the Koppen Climate Classification. The typical yearly temperature is 64 °F. Temperatures have a tendency to be hotter in the southern area of the state being closer to the Gulf of Mexico, while the northern areas of the state, particularly in the Appalachian Mountains in the upper east, have a tendency to be marginally cooler. For the most part, Alabama has exceptionally sweltering summers and gentle winters with extensive precipitation consistently. Alabama gets a normal of 56 inches of precipitation every year and appreciates an extensive developing period of up to 300 days in the southern piece of the state.

Fayette County Courthouse
Fayette County Courthouse
Summers in Alabama are among the most smoking in the U.S., with high temperatures averaging more than 90 °F (32 °C) all through the mid year in a few sections of the state. Alabama is likewise inclined to typhoons and even sea tempests. Regions of the state far from the Gulf are not insusceptible to the impacts of the tempests, which frequently dump colossal measures of rain as they move inland and debilitate. South Alabama reports numerous rainstorms. The Gulf Coast, around Mobile Bay, midpoints in the vicinity of 70 and 80 days for every year with thunder announced. This action diminishes fairly encourage north in the state, yet even the most distant north of the state reports roar on around 60 days for each year. Incidentally, rainstorms are extreme with visit lightning and huge hail; the focal and northern parts of the state are most helpless against this sort of tempest. Alabama positions ninth in the quantity of passings from lightning and tenth in the quantity of passings from lightning strikes per capita

Demography

The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Alabama was 4,858,979 on July 1, 2015, which represents an increase of 79,243, or 1.66%, since the 2010 Census. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 121,054 people (that is 502,457 births minus 381,403 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 104,991 people into the state.

Immigration from outside the U.S. resulted in a net increase of 31,180 people, and migration within the country produced a net gain of 73,811 people. The state had 108,000 foreign-born (2.4% of the state population), of which an estimated 22.2% were undocumented (24,000).

The center of population of Alabama is located in Chilton County, outside the town of Jemison

  • Alabama Geography, History, Facts
  • Alabama Facts & Trivia
  • Alabama Flags
  • Famous People from Alabama
  • Alabama Timeline
  • Alabama Official Song
  • Education

    Public and primary auxiliary instruction in Alabama is under the domain of the Alabama State Board of Education and additionally neighborhood oversight by 67 region school boards and 60 city education boards. Together, 1,496 individual schools give instruction to 744,637 elementary and secondary students.

    University of Alabama
    University of Alabama
    State funded school financing is appropriated through the Alabama Legislature through the Education Trust Fund. In FY 2006– 2007, Alabama appropriated $3,775,163,578 for essential and optional training. That spoke to an expansion of $444,736,387 over the past monetary year. In 2007, more than 82 percent of schools gained satisfactory yearly ground (AYP) toward student capability under the National No Child Left Behind law, utilizing measures dictated by the territory of Alabama. While Alabama's government funded instruction framework has enhanced in late decades, it lingers behind in accomplishment contrasted with different states. As per U.S. Statistics information (2000), Alabama's secondary school graduation rate—75%—is the fourth most reduced in the U.S. (after Kentucky, Louisiana and Mississippi). The biggest instructive additions were among individuals with some school training however without degrees.

    Although unordinary in the West, school punishment isn't exceptional in Alabama, with 27,260 state funded school students paddled no less than one time, as indicated by government information for the 2011– 2012 school year. The rate of school punishment in Alabama is outperformed just by Mississippi and Arkansas.

    Alabama's programs of advanced education incorporate 14 four-year state funded colleges, two-year junior colleges, and 17 private, undergrad and graduate colleges. In the state are four therapeutic schools (as of fall 2015) (University of Alabama School of Medicine, University of South Alabama and Alabama College of Osteopathic Medicine and The Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine – Auburn Campus), two veterinary schools (Auburn University and Tuskegee University), a dental school (University of Alabama School of Dentistry), an optometry school (University of Alabama at Birmingham), two drug store schools (Auburn University and Samford University), and five graduate schools (University of Alabama School of Law, Birmingham School of Law, Cumberland School of Law, Miles Law School, and the Thomas Goode Jones School of Law). Open, post-auxiliary training in Alabama is managed by the Alabama Commission on Higher Education and the Alabama Department of Postsecondary Education. Schools and colleges in Alabama offer degree programs from two-year relate degrees to a huge number of doctoral level projects

    The University of Alabama has the largest campus which is, situated in Tuscaloosa, with 37,665 enlisted for fall 2016. Troy University was the biggest institution in the state in 2010, with an enlistment of 29,689 understudies crosswise over four Alabama grounds (Troy, Dothan, Montgomery, and Phenix City), and in addition sixty learning locales in seventeen different states and eleven different nations. The most seasoned organizations are the state funded college of North Alabama in Florence and the Catholic Church-associated Spring Hill College in Mobile, both established in 1830

    Alabama Colleges

    Economy

    The state has put resources into aviation, instruction, health care, banking, along with substantial businesses, including car manufacturing, mineral extraction, steel creation and manufacture. By 2006, in animal related and crop production in Alabama was estimated at $1.5 billion. As opposed to the principally horticultural economy of the earlier century, this was just around 1% of the state's total national output. The quantity of private ranches has declined at a steady rate since the 1960s, as land has been sold to developers, timber organizations, and vast farming operations.

    Non-agriculture work in 2008 was 121,800 in administration occupations; 71,750 in business and financial tasks; 36,790 in PC related and math occupation; 44,200 in design and media occupations; 12,410 in life, physical, and sociologies; 32,260 in network and social administrations; 12,770 in legal occupations; 116,250 in education, training, and library administrations; 27,840 in art, design and media occupations; 121,110 in health care services; 44,750 in putting out fires, law requirement, and security; 154,040 in nourishment planning and serving; 76,650 in building and grounds cleaning and upkeep; 53,230 in individual care and administrations; 244,510 in sales; 338,760 in office and organization services; 20,510 in cultivating, fishing, and ranger service; 120,155 in connstruction and mining, gas, and oil extraction; 106,280 in installation, support, and repair; 224,110 underway; and 167,160 in transportation and material moving

    Flora and Fauna

    Alabama State flower- Camellia
    Alabama State flower- Camellia


    Alabama State Tree - Longleaf Pine

    Alabama State Tree - Longleaf Pine At one time Alabama was once covered by vast pine forests, which still form the largest proportion of the state's forest growth. Alabama also has an abundance of poplar, cypress, hickory, oak, and various gum trees. Red cedar grows throughout the state; southern white cedar is found in the southwest, hemlock in the north. Other native trees include hackberry, ash, and holly, with species of palmetto and palm in the Gulf Coast region. There are more than 150 shrubs, mountain laurel and rhododendron among them. Cultivated plants include wisteria and camellia, the state flower.

    In a state where expansive groups of buffalo, bear, elk, and deer once wandered, just the white-tailed deer stays bounteous. Different vertebrates still found are the Florida jaguar, beaver, bobcat, muskrat, and most types of weasel. The genuinely normal raccoon, rabbit, opossum, squirrel, and gray and red foxes are likewise nativel, while  armadillo and nutra have been acquainted with the state.

    Alabama's winged creatures incorporate bald and golden eagles, osprey and different hawks, yellowhammer or flicker (the official state bird), along with game birds, black & white warblers; including, duck, quail, goode and wild turkey. Freshwater fish, for example, bream, bass, shad, and sucker are normal. Along the Gulf Coast there are seasonal of tarpon (the official state fish), pompano, bonito, and redfish,.

    Ninety-seven creatures, fish, and fowls (counting the Alabama beach mouse, gray bat, Alabama red-belly turtle, finback and humback whales, wood stork and bald eagle), plus eighteen plant species were recorded as endangered as of August 2003 by the US Fish and Wildlife Service.

    Government

    State elected officials are the governor and lieutenant-governor (separately elected), secretary of state, attorney general, treasurer, auditor, commissioner of agriculture and industries, and three members of the Public Service Commission. The governor, who serves for four years, must be at least 30 years old and must have been a US citizen for ten years and a citizen of the state for seven. The governor is limited to a maximum of two consecutive terms.

    Voters in Alabama must be US citizens, state and county citizens, and at least 18 years old. Restrictions apply to convicted felons and those declared mentally incompetent by the court.

    Alabama State Capitol Building
    Alabama State Capitol Building

    Rollin Thunder Roller Coaster
    The Park OAW at Foley, Rollin Thunder Roller Coaster

    The Alabama State Capitol, listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the First Confederate Capitol, is the state capitol building for Alabama. It is located on Capitol Hill, originally Goat Hill, in Montgomery. It was declared a National Historic Landmark on December 19, 1960
    Alabama Office of Governor

    Attractions

    The state of Alabama is home to a range of tourist attractions and things to do for all ages and interests. Several Alabama cities are home to some of the most important Civil Rights monuments, museums, and historic sites. This includes the Civil Rights Institute and Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Montgomery's Civil Rights Monument and National Memorial for Peace and Justice, and Selma's Voting Rights Museum. Alabama is also a culturally rich region. Visitors can see the birthplace and former creative workspace of musician W.C. Handy, admire architecture and design at the Frank Lloyd Wright Rosenbaum House Museum, and view impressive collections at major art museums in both Montgomery and Birmingham.

    Alabama is also full of beautiful natural attractions, especially along the shores of the Gulf of Mexico in Mobile Bay, where tourists will find state parks, nature reserves, and gorgeous sandy beaches. In addition to history and nature, the curious can explore science at the family-friendly McWane Science Center, or behold some of the world's most advanced technology at Huntsville's U.S. Space and Rocket Center.

    Lighthouses in Alabama

    Alabama Middle Bay Lighthouse
    Alabama Middle Bay Lighthouse
    Lighthouses in Alabama as identified by the United States Coast Guard and other historical sources. There is only one active light in the state, though another has been replaced by a skeleton tower; a third still stands but is inactive. The rest have all been destroyed. Focal height and coordinates are taken from the 1907 United States Coast Guard Light List, while location and dates of activation, automation, and deactivation are taken from the United States Coast Guard Historical information site for lighthouses.

  • Alabama Tourist Attractions
  • Alabama Travel - Official visitors and vacation guide by the Alabama Bureau of Tourism and Travel.
  • Amusement Parks

    Alabama Splash Adventure, Bessemer
      Alabama Splash Adventure (previously called VisionLand, Alabama Adventure and Splash Adventure) is both a water park and amusement park, located off Interstate 20/59 in Bessemer, Alabama, just west of Birmingham and east of Tuscaloosa. It is owned by Koch Family Parks, which consists of members of the family who have minority ownership in Holiday World & Splashin' Safari.
    Southern Adventures, Huntsville
      Southern Adventures is an amusement park with many rides, like roller coasters, bumper cars, kiddie rides, a water park, and an arcade. It also has a water park called Adventure Island Water Park which includes flume slides and kiddie slides. The roller coaster, L'il Renegade, was built by the Allan Herschell Company, and installed in 1999 after being relocated from Sertoma Playland, also in Huntsville.
    The Park at OWA in Foley
      OWA. It means big water in the Muscogee Creek language, and that’s what families can see from the peaks of OWA’s highest amusement-park rides: big views of the Gulf of Mexico. Down below, in the glow of carousel lights and traditional Southern streets, another view is illuminated for parents—the satisfaction of a day well-spent and long-remembered.
    Waterville USA, Gulf Shores
      Waterville USA, or simply known as Waterville, is a 20-acre water and amusement park located a quarter-mile from the Gulf of Mexico in the city of Gulf Shores, Alabama, on Gulf Shores Parkway (Alabama State Route 59).

    National Parks

    Horseshoe Bend National Military Park, Daviston, AL.

      On 27 March 1814, Major General Andrew Jackson ‘s army of 3,300 men attacked Chief Menawa’s 1,000 Red Stick Creek warriors fortified in a horseshoe shaped bend of the Tallapoosa River. Over 800 Red Sticks died that day. The battle ended the Creek War, resulted in a land cession of 23,000,000 acres to the United States and created a national hero of Andrew Jackson.
    Little River Canyon National Preserve, Fort Payne, AL.
      Little River is unique because it flows for most of its length atop Lookout Mountain in northeast Alabama. Forested uplands, waterfalls, canyon rims and bluffs, pools, boulders, and sandstone cliffs offer settings for a variety of recreational activities. Natural resources and cultural heritage come together to tell the story of the Preserve, a special place in the Southern Appalachians.
    Muscle Shoals National Heritage Area.
      The Tennessee River brought the early Native Americans and then the European settlers. For years, it frustrated those who tried to cross it or tame it. Men fought from its banks and others found power from its waters. It created a culture. It shaped a region. The region’s sites, buildings, and relics whisper tales of some of the nation’s biggest moments and how the river played a role in each.
    Natchez Trace Parkway, runs through AL, MS, TN.
      The 450-mile foot trail that became known as the Natchez Trace was the lifeline through the Old Southwest. You can experience portions of that journey the way earlier travelers did - on foot. Today there are five separate trails totaling over 60 miles and they are administered by the Natchez Trace Parkway.
    Selma To Montgomery National Historic Trail, Montgomery, Lowndes & Dallas Counties, AL.
      Trail of Tears
      The American Legacy of the Cherokee Trail of Tears Image by Paul Andrews
      On August 6, 1965, President Lyndon Johnson signed, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which extended equal voting rights for African-Americans. As both White and Black non-violent supporters led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. fought for the right to vote in Central Alabama, today, you can trace their march toward freedom on the 54-mile trail and connect with their stories at the Interpretive Centers.
      Trail of Tears National Historic Trail, AL, AR, GA, IL, KY, MO, NC, OK, TN.
        Remember and commemorate the survival of the Cherokee people, forcefully removed from their homelands in Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee to live in Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. They traveled by foot, horse, wagon, or steamboat in 1838-1839.

      National Forests

      Conecuh National Forest
      Conecuh National Forest
      Conecuh National Forest - 83,983 acres
        Managed together with Alabama's other National Forests, Conecuh has two areas designated for recreation: Blue Lake and Open Pond. The dry, sandy uplands support longleaf pine forest, while bottomlands have sinkhole ponds, springs, and swamps.
      Tuskegee National Forest - 11,349 acres
        Tuskegee National Forest's Bartram National Recreation Trail was Alabama's first National Recreation Trail. Tuskegee is one of the smallest National Forests and is managed together with Alabama's other National Forests
      Talladega National Forest - 393,006 acres
        Talladega National Forest includes the Cheaha and Dugger Mountain wilderness areas. The Talladega Scenic Byway and Pinhoti National Recreation Trail cross the forest. Talladega is managed together with Alabama's other National Forests
      William B. Bankhead National Forest - 181,988 acres
        This forest contains 153 mi (246 km) of trails and the Sipsey Wilderness, which at 24,922 acres (10,086 ha) is the largest wilderness area east of the Mississippi River. It is managed together with Alabama's other National Forests.

      Sports

    • Alabama Sports
    • Alabama has a number of minor league semi-professional teams including four minor league baseball teams, and one Arena Football League team. Alabama is the second-most populated state without a major professional sports franchise. (it is the most populated on the off chance that one views Virginia as the home of the NFL's Washington Redskins and NHL's Washington Capitals, which have their training facilities and operational home office in Northern Virginia)

      Taxes

      Alabama levies a 2, 4, or 5 percent personal income tax, depending upon earnings and filing status. Taxpayers may deduct their federal income tax from their Alabama state tax, and can do so even when taking the standard deduction. Taxpayers who file itemized deductions may also deduct their Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax (Social Security and Medicare tax).

      The state's general sales tax rate is 4%. Sales tax rates for cities and counties are also added to purchases

      Alabama's income tax on poor working families is among the highest in the U.S. Alabama is the only state that levies income tax on a family of four with income as low as $4,600, which is barely a fourth of the federal poverty line.

      • State income tax: 2% - 5%
      • Local income tax: 0% - 2%
      • Sales tax: 4% - 10%
      • Property tax: 0.41% average effective rate
      • Gas tax: 20.91 cents per gallon of regular gasoline, 21.89 cents per gallon of diesel

      Transportation

      Aviation

      Alabama Airports. Airports in Alabama are well connected to the rest of the country and have excellent facilities in them. Airports in Alabama are well maintained and have the latest technology. With many people using their facilities, the airports in Alabama provide a good service for the passengers.

      Alabama is an important US state that attracts both national and international visitors. The international airports in Alabama are Birmingham International Airport and Huntsville International Airport. There are other major regional airports in Alabama that attract many airlines such as Dothan Regional Airport, Mobile Regional Airport and Montgomery Regional Airport.

      Birmingham International Airport
      Birmingham International Airport
      Birmingham International Airport is one of the airports in Alabama, which is growing rapidly with more than 3.2 million customers in 2005. He has 8 major airlines that fly passengers daily. They are American Airlines, Continental Airlines, Delta Airlines, Delta Connection Comair, Northwest Airlines, Southwest Airlines, United Express, US Airways and America West.

      Huntsville International Airport is known for its quality customer service and focus on cutting-edge technology. The airlines operating from Huntsville International Airport include American Eagle, ASA, American Airlines, Comair, Continental Express, Delta Airlines, Northwest Airline and US Airways Express.

      Montgomery Regional Airport is the airport of the state capital. Other major airports in Alabama are in Anniston, Hamilton, Opelika, Selma and Troy

      Ports

      Port of Mobile
      Port of Mobile
      The Port of Mobile, Alabama's only saltwater port, is a large seaport on the Gulf of Mexico with inland waterway access to the Midwest by way of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway. The newly expanded container terminal at the Port of Mobile was ranked as the 25th busiest for container traffic in the nation during 2011. The state's other ports are on rivers with access to the Gulf of Mexico. Water ports of Alabama, listed from north to south:

      Rail

      For rail transport, Amtrak schedules the Crescent, a daily passenger train, running from New York to New Orleans with station stops at Anniston, Birmingham, and Tuscaloosa.

      Roads

      There are six major interstate roads that cross the state: Interstate 65 (I-65) travels north–south roughly through the middle of the state; I-20/I-59 travel from the central west Mississippi state line to Birmingham, where I-59 continues to the north-east corner of the state and I-20 continues east towards Atlanta; I-85 originates in Montgomery and travels east-northeast to the Georgia state line, providing a main thoroughfare to Atlanta; and I-10 traverses the southernmost portion of the state, traveling from west to east through Mobile. I-22 enters the state from Mississippi and connects Birmingham with Memphis, Tennessee. In addition, there are currently five auxiliary interstate routes in the state: I-165 in Mobile, I-359 in Tuscaloosa, I-459 around Birmingham, I-565 in Decatur and Huntsville, and I-759 in Gadsden. A sixth route, I-685, will be formed when I-85 is rerouted along a new southern bypass of Montgomery. A proposed northern bypass of Birmingham will be designated as I-422. Since a direct connection from I-22 to I-422 will not be possible, I-222 has been proposed, as well. Several U.S. Highways also pass through the state, such as U.S. Route 11 (US-11), US-29, US-31, US-43, US-45, US-72, US-78, US-80, US-82, US-84, US-90, US-98, US-231, US-278, US-280, US-331, US-411, and US-431. There are also four toll roads in the state: Montgomery Expressway in Montgomery; Tuscaloosa Bypass in Tuscaloosa; Emerald Mountain Expressway in Wetumpka; and Beach Express in Orange Beach.

      Alabama Housing

      The median home value in Alabama is $128,300. Alabama home values have gone up 6.4% over the past year and  predictions are they will rise 0.6% within the next year. The median list price per square foot in Alabama is $101. The median price of homes currently listed in Alabama is $205,904 while the median price of homes that sold is $141,500. The median rent price in Alabama is $1,000.

      Alabama Association of Realtors
      Alabama Real Estate Commission
      Alabama Real Estate Listings

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