Maine Lighthouses

Lighthouses in the state of Maine as identified by the United States Coast Guard. There are fifty-seven active lights in the state, two of which are maintained as private aids; nine are standing but inactive, and three have been destroyed, one of which has been replaced by a skeleton tower. This includes two stations which originally featured twin towers; in both cases both towers survive but only one of each pair is active.

The Portland Head Light, first lit in 1791, is the oldest light in the state and was the first US lighthouse completed after independence from Britain. The last lighthouse in the state, the second Whitlocks Mill Light, was first lit in 1910; it is also the most northerly light in the state and therefore on the US Atlantic Coast. The West Quoddy Head Light sits on the easternmost point of the continental United States. The tallest tower is that of Boon Island Light at 137 feet, though the Seguin Light focal plane, at 180 feet, is the highest in the state.

Lighthouse preservation in Maine has been facilitated by the Maine Lights Program, which arose in the aftermath of the Rockland-based Island Institute's successful but protracted negotiations to acquire the keeper's house of the Heron Neck Light Station. A program for facilitating transfers was proposed by Peter Ralston of the institute, and legislation was first introduced by George J. Mitchell; a subsequent bill submitted by Olympia Snowe in 1995 met with greater success and was signed into law late in 1996 as part of the coast guard authorization act. Under the program, thirty-six light stations were offered to qualified preservation and historical groups and local governments; applications for transfer were reviewed by a board set up at the state level, headed by Richard I. Rybacki, a retired USCG rear admiral. Four lights were to be transferred to the US Fish and Wildlife; twenty-eight other lights were transferred in the summer of 1998. Prior to this program, some lights in the state had already been sold to individuals following deactivation in the 1930s. The most notable of these is the Tenants Harbor Light, which was purchased by Andrew Wyeth in 1978.

If not otherwise noted, focal height and coordinates are taken from the United States Coast Guard Light List, while location and dates of activation, automation, and deactivation are taken from the United States Coast Guard Historical information site for lighthouses.

Name Image Location Year first lit Current Lens Focal Height
Avery Rock Light Machias
(Machias Bay)
1875 None
Demolished in 1947
056 56 ft (17 m)
Baker Island Light Cranberry Isles
(Baker Island)
1828 (Former)
1855 (Current)
Fourth-order Fresnel 105 105 ft (32 m)
Bass Harbor Head Light Tremont
(Mount Desert Island)
1858 Fourth-order Fresnel 056 56 ft (17 m)
Bear Island Light Cranberry Isles
(Bear Island)
1839 (Former)
1889 (Current)
Plastic 100 100 ft (30 m)
Blue Hill Bay Light None Blue Hill
(Blue Hill Bay)
1857 (Former)
1935 (Current)
Unknown 025 25 ft (7.6 m)
Boon Island Light York
(Boon Island)
1811 (Former)
1855 (Current)
VRB-25 137 137 ft (42 m)
Browns Head Light Vinalhaven
(Browns Head)
1832 (Former)
1857 (Current)
Fifth-order Fresnel 039 39 ft (12 m)
Burnt Coat Harbor Light Swan's Island
(Hockamock Head)
1872 Unknown 075 75 ft (23 m)
Burnt Island Light Boothbay Harbor
(Burnt Island)
1821 Electrified beacon 061 61 ft (19 m)
Cape Elizabeth Lights Cape Elizabeth
(Casco Bay)
1828 (West tower)
1874 (East tower)
VRB-25 129 129 ft (39 m)
Cape Neddick Light York
(Cape Neddick)
1879 Fourth-order Fresnel 088 88 ft (27 m)
Crabtree Ledge Light Frenchman Bay
(Crabtree Neck)
1890 None 037 37 ft (11 m)
Cuckolds Light Boothbay Harbor
(Cuckold Islets)
1892 (Former)
1907 (Current)
VRB-25 059 59 ft (18 m)
Curtis Island Light Camden
(Penobscot Bay)
1835 (Former)
1896 (Current)
Unknown 052 52 ft (16 m)
Deer Island Thorofare Light Stonington?
(Penobscot Bay)
1857 250mm 052 52 ft (16 m)
Dice Head Light Castine 1829 Unknown 134 134 ft (41 m)
Doubling Point Range Lights Arrowsic
(Arrowsic Island)
1898 Unknown 018 18 ft (5.5 m)
(Front light)
33 ft (10 m)
(Rear light)
Doubling Point Light Arrowsic 1898 Fifth-order Fresnel 023 23 ft (7.0 m)
Eagle Island Light Eagle Island
(Penobscot Bay)
1838 (Former)
1858 (Current)
Fourth-order Fresnel 023 23 ft (7.0 m)
Egg Rock Light Frenchman Bay 1875 VRB-25 064 64 ft (20 m)
Fort Point Light Stockton Springs
(Penobscot River)
1836 (Former)
1857 (Current)
Fourth-order Fresnel 088 88 ft (27 m)
Franklin Island Light Franklin Island
(Muscongus Bay)
1805 (Former)
1855 (Current)
250mm 057 57 ft (17 m)
Goat Island Light Kennebunkport
(Cape Porpoise)
1835 (Former)
1859 (Current)
300mm 038 38 ft (12 m)
Goose Rocks Light North Haven
(Penobscot Bay)
1890 250mm 051 51 ft (16 m)
Great Duck Island Light Frenchboro
(Great Duck Island)
1890 VRB-25 067 67 ft (20 m)
Grindel Point Light Islesboro 1874 250mm 067 67 ft (20 m)
Halfway Rock Light Casco Bay 1871 VRB-25 076 76 ft (23 m)
Hendricks Head Light Southport
(Sheepscot River)
1829 (Former)
1875 (Current)
250mm 043 43 ft (13 m)
Heron Neck Light Vinalhaven
(Penobscot Bay)
1854 Fifth-order Fresnel 092 92 ft (28 m)
Indian Island Light Rockport 1850 (Former)
1875 (Current)
None Unknown
Isle Au Haut Light Isle au Haut 1907 250mm 048 48 ft (15 m)
Ladies Delight Light Winthrop, Maine
(Lake Cobbosseecontee)
1908 Unknown 025 25 ft (7.6 m)
Libby Island Light Machiasport
(Machias Bay)
1822 (Former)
1848 (Current)
VRB-25 091 91 ft (28 m)
Little River Light Cutler 1846 (Former)
1876 (Current)
VRB-25 056 56 ft (17 m)
Lubec Channel Light Lubec 1890 155mm 053 53 ft (16 m)
Marshall Point Light Port Clyde 1832 (Former)
1858 (Current)
300mm 030 30 ft (9.1 m)
Matinicus Rock Light Matinicus Isle 1827
(Former)
1846
(Current towers)
VRB-25 090 90 ft (27 m)
Monhegan Island Light Monhegan
(Monhegan Island)
1824 (Former)
1850 (Current)
VRB-25 178 178 ft (54 m)
Moose Peak Light Mistake Island 1827 (Former)
1851 (Current)
DCB-24 072 72 ft (22 m)
Mount Desert Light Mount Desert Rock
(Near Mount Desert Island)
1830 (Former)
1847 (Current)
VRB-25 075 75 ft (23 m)
Narraguagus Light Narraguagus Bay 1853 None 054 54 ft (16 m)
Nash Island Light Pleasant Bay 1838 (Former)
1874 (Current)
None 051 51 ft (16 m)
Owls Head Light Owls Head
(Penobscot Bay)
1825 Fourth-order Fresnel 100 100 ft (30 m)
Pemaquid Point Light Bristol 1827 (Former)
1857 (Current)
Fourth-order Fresnel 079 79 ft (24 m)
Perkins Island Light Georgetown
(Perkins Island)
1898 250mm 041 41 ft (12 m)
Petit Manan Light Milbridge
(Petit Island)
1817 (Former)
1855 (Current)
VRB-25 123 123 ft (37 m)
Pond Island Light Kennebec River 1821 (Former)
1855 (Current)
250mm 052 52 ft (16 m)
Portland Breakwater Light South Portland 1855 (Former)
1875 (Current)
Unknown 030 30 ft (9.1 m)
Portland Head Light Cape Elizabeth
(Casco Bay)
1791 DCB-224 101 101 ft (31 m)
Prospect Harbor Point Light Gouldsboro
(Prospect Harbor)
1850 (Former)
1891 (Current)
Optic 042 42 ft (13 m)
Pumpkin Island Light Deer Isle
(Pumpkin Island)
1854 None Unknown
Ram Island Ledge Light Cape Elizabeth
(Casco Bay)
1905 Third-order Fresnel 077 77 ft (23 m)
Ram Island Light Boothbay Harbor 1883 Unknown 036 36 ft (11 m)
Rockland Harbor Breakwater Light Rockland 1827 (Former)
1902 (Current)
VRB-25 039 39 ft (12 m)
Saddleback Ledge Light Saddleback Ledge
(Penobscot Bay)
1839 300mm 054 54 ft (16 m)
Saint Croix River Light St. Croix River 1857 (Former)
1976 (Current)
Unknown 077 77 ft (23 m)
Seguin Light Georgetown 1795 (Former)
1857 (Current)
First-order Fresnel 180 180 ft (55 m)
Spring Point Ledge Light South Portland 1897 Fifth-order Fresnel 054 54 ft (16 m)
Squirrel Point Light Arrowsic
(Arrowsic Island)
1898 250mm 025 25 ft (7.6 m)
Tenants Harbor Light St. George
(Southern Island)
1857 None 027 27 ft (8.2 m)
Two Bush Island Light Two Bush Island
(Penobscot Bay)
1897 VRB-25 065 65 ft (20 m)
West Quoddy Head Light Lubec 1808 (Former)
1858 (Current)
Third-order Fresnel 083 83 ft (25 m)
Whaleback Light Kittery
(Piscataqua River)
1820 (Former)
1872 (Current)
VLB-44 059 59 ft (18 m)
Whitehead Light St. George
(Whitehead Island)
1807 (Former)
1857 (Current)
300mm 075 75 ft (23 m)
Whitlocks Mill Light St. Croix River 1892 (Former)
1910 (Current)
VLB-44 032 32 ft (9.8 m)
Winter Harbor Light Winter Harbor 1856 None 037 37 ft (11 m)
Wood Island Light Biddeford
(Biddeford Pool)
1808 (Former)
1858 (Current)
VLB-44 071 71 ft (22 m)

The Lighthouses of Maine: Southern Maine and Casco Bay (Lighthouse Treasury)

New England's foremost maritime historian Jeremy D'Entremont continues his definitive series about the storms, shipwrecks, and heroic lighthouse keepers of the region with The Lighthouses of Maine: Southern Maine and Casco Bay. Eleven lights are detailed here, beginning with Whaleback Light, which marks the entrance to Portsmouth, New Hampshire Harbor (it is in Maine waters by a few hundred feet) to Halfway Rock Light, located out in Casco Bay, eight miles east of the entrance to Portland Harbor. Each chapter features a treasury of historic photos and all the stories of the keepers, the storms they battled, and the wrecks they tried valiantly to save.