John H. Fraine introduced a resolution to the
North Dakota Legislative Assembly to adopt a
state flag that would take the color, size and
form of the regimental flag carried by the North
Dakota Infantry in the Spanish American War and
the Phillipine Island Insurrection. The only
exception was that the name of the state, North
Dakota, was to be displayed on the scroll below
the Bald Eagle.
on January 21, 1911, his resolution was adopted
by the Legislative Assembly on March 3, 1911.
blue field displays a Bald Eagle grasping an
olive branch and a bundle of arrows in its
claws. The eagle carries a ribbon with the words
"One nation made up of many states." On its
breast is a shield with thirteen stripes
representing the original thirteen states. The
fan-shaped design above the eagle represents the
birth of the United States and included thirteen
stars echoing the thirteen stripes on the
shield. The red scroll below the eagle displays
the state name, North Dakota.
to change the state flag because it too closely
resembled the Coat of Arms of the United States
and was not particularly symbolic of North
Dakota was introduced and defeated in 1953.
want more information on the State Flags of the
United States, you might want to check
How Proudly They Wave: Flags of the Fifty States by Rita D. Haban. This book is
geared toward kids... and for adults like me who
want to know about the history and design
significance of the flags of all fifty states
but can't find this information in an expensive