Alaska Fast Facts & Trivia

A gas plume arising from Augustine Volcano during its eruptive phase 2005-06.

  • Alaska was called America's Last Frontier.

  • Every four years, Alaska elects a Governor and a Lieutenant Governor for four years.

  • The Legislature of Alaska consists of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

  • Twenty senators are elected for four-year terms; 40 representatives have a term of two years.

  • The Alaska constitution was adopted in 1956 and came into force in 1959, making it the 49th state.

  • Almost a third of Alaska lies within the Arctic Circle.

  • The Alaska Highway was originally built as a military supply route during World War II.

  • The state has the lowest population density in the nation.

  • The discovery of gold in the Yukon began in 1898 with a gold rush. Later, gold was discovered in Nome and Fairbanks.

  • Alaska is a geographical wonder. When a map of Alaska is superimposed on a map of the 48 lower states, Alaska stretches from coast to coast.

  • The coastline of the state extends over 6,600 miles.

  • Alaska is the largest state in the United States and twice the size of Texas. Measured from north to south, the state is approximately 1,400 miles long and measures 2,700 miles from east to west.

  • Agattu, Attu and Kiska are the only parts of North America, which were occupied by Japanese troops in the Second World War.

  • Oil is the state's most valuable natural resource. The area includes probably the largest oil field in North America.

  • In 1986 Mount Augustine erupted near Anchorage.

  • Alaska's geographic center is 60 miles northwest of Mount McKinley.

  • The Tongass National Forest is the largest national forest in the United States.

  • 17 of the 20 highest peaks in the US are in Alaska.

  • At 20,320 feet above sea level, Mt. McKinley, located in the heart of Alaska, is the highest point in North America.

  • Juneau is the only capital of the United States that can only be reached by boat or plane.

  • The state's largest city is Anchorage; the second largest is Fairbanks.

  • The Alaska Range is the state's largest mountain range. It covers from the Alaska Peninsula to the Yukon Territory.

  • In 1915, the record temperature in Alaska was 100 degrees Fahrenheit in Fort Yukon; The lowest temperature was -80 degrees Fahrenheit at Prospect Creek Camp in 1971.

  • The Alaskan Malamute Huskies are strong and heavily coated. It was designed by a group of Eskimos called Malemiuts as a breed.

  • Alaska's name is based on the Eskimo word Alakshak, which means big countries or peninsula.

  • Outsiders explored Alaska in 1741 when Danish explorer Vitus Jonassen Bering saw him on a trip from Siberia.

  • Russian whalers and fur traders on Kodiak Island founded the first settlement in Alaska in 1784.

  • In 1867, US Secretary of State William H. Seward offered Russia $ 7,200,000 or two cents a morning for Alaska.

  • On October 18, 1867, Alaska officially became the property of the United States. Many Americans called the purchase "Sewards folly".

  • Joe Juneau's discovery of gold in 1880 ushered in the era of gold rush.

  • In 1943, Japan invaded the Aleutians who started the Thousand Mile War, the first battle on American soil since the Civil War.

  • Alaska officially became the 49th state on January 3, 1959.

  • Alaska's main source of revenue is the oil and gas industry.

  • Alaska accounts for 25% of the oil produced in the United States.

  • The state of Rhode Island could fit 425 times in Alaska.

  • Prudhoe Bay, on the north coast of Alaska, is North America's largest oil field.

  • The Trans-Alaska Pipeline moves to 88,000 barrels per hour on its 100-mile journey to Valdez.

  • The fishing and fishing industry is the country's largest private employer.

  • Most of America's salmon, crayfish, halibut and herring come from Alaska.

  • The term Alaska refers to Alaska's original inhabitants including Aleut, Eskimo and Indian groups.

  • The wild forget-me-not is the official state flower. The Territorial Legislature adopted it in 1917.

  • The willow parmesuit is the official state bird. The Territorial Legislature adopted it in 1955.

  • The Sitka spruce is the official state tree. The Territorial Legislature adopted it in 1962.

  • Dog Mushing is the official state sport. The Legislative of Alaska adopted it in 1972.

  • A nameless draftsman created 1910 the national seal. It consists of a rising sun that shines on forests, lakes, fishing and shipping vessels, as well as agricultural and mining activities.

  • The state motto is North in the future.

  • The jade is the official gem of the state.

  • Gold is the official state mineral. It was called the state mineral in 1968.

  • The four-point skimmer dragonfly is the official state insect.

  • In 1926, 13-year-old Bennie Benson from Cognac, Alaska designed the state flag.

Alaska Fast Facts & Trivia . Alaska Fast Facts & Trivia