Silhouette of a large saguaro stands at sunset in Saguaro National Park on the east side of Tucson, Arizona.
Author Saguaro Pictures

Discovering and Moving to Arizona

Moving to Arizona

History, Geography, Homes, and State Resources of Arizona

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Are you considering moving to the beautiful Grand Canyon State of Arizona? If so, this will provide you with information regarding your personal, business and local tax requirements; but first here is a list of quick links that will direct you to State agencies that can provide you with more information about Arizona:

For complete details, refer to the Arizona Revised Statutes and the Arizona Administrative Code. In case of inconsistency or omission in this document, the language of the Arizona Revised Statute and the Arizona Administrative Code will prevail.

Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan friar, was the first European to explore Arizona. He entered the area in 1539 in search of the mythical Seven Cities of Gold. Although he was followed a year later by another gold seeker, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, most of the early settlement was for missionary purposes. In 1775 the Spanish established Fort Tucson. In 1848, after the Mexican War, most of the Arizona territory became part of the U.S., and the southern portion of the territory was added by the Gadsden Purchase in 1853.

Arizona history is rich in legends of America's Old West. It was here that the great Indian chiefs Geronimo and Cochise led their people against the frontiersmen. Tombstone, Ariz., was the site of the West's most famous shoot-out—the gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Today, Arizona has one of the largest U.S. Indian populations; more than 14 tribes are represented on 20 reservations.

Arizona Counties
There are 15 counties in Arizona. Four counties (Mohave, Pima, Yavapai and Yuma) were made in 1864 after the creation of the Arizona Territory in 1862. The now longer  Pah-Ute County was part from Mohave County in 1865, yet converged in 1871. Everything except La Paz County were created when Arizona was allowed statehood in 1912.

Eight of Arizona's fifteen counties are named after various Native American indians that are inhabitant in parts of what is presently Arizona, with another (Cochise County) being named after a local pioneer. Four different counties, Gila County, Santa Cruz County, Pinal County, and Graham County, are named for physical highlights of Arizona's scenoc views: the Gila Waterway, the Santa Cruz River, Pinal Peak, and Mount Graham, separately. Another county, La Paz County, is named after a previous settler, while the last region, Greenlee Province, is named after one of the state's initial pioneers

Click a county on the map for county seats


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    Silhouette of a large saguaro stands at sunset in Saguaro National Park on the east side of Tucson, Arizona. 
<br>Author Saguaro Pictures
    Silhouette of a large saguaro stands at sunset in Saguaro National Park on the east side of Tucson, Arizona.
    Author Saguaro Pictures
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